Salvaging Earthworks in Ijebu-Ode: A Fruitful Archaeological Survey

For three weeks now, my team and I have been carrying out a pedestrian survey across¬†the town of Ijebu-Ode, in Nigeria. The town is growing at a frantic pace, and its archaeological relics was fastly disappearing. This archaeological enterprise becomes pertinent at such a time as this. Up till now, what we know about Ijebu-Ode’s past in the light of archaeological record was its centeredness within the longest single monument in Africa, known as Sungbo Eredo. The Ijebu Kingdom is surrounded by Sungbo-Eredo which is about 180km in circumference and stretches along two states (Ogun and Lagos). The monument was first documented by the Portuguese¬†Chronicler, Pacheco Pereira in the early 16th century as a large ditch that surrounds a kingdom. While Peter Lloyd and Patrick Darling were the first archaeologists/Historians to document this earthwork in 1959 and 1996 respectively, David Aremu, and the Chouin-led team of archaeologists from William and Mary, and the University of Ibadan respectively have consistently studied Sungbo Eredo within the last 10 years. It was thus concluded, although still under analysis, that the ditch is up to 600 years. That is, probably built around the second half of the fourteenth century or the beginning of the fifteenth century.

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